Pan-Africanism Revised

2 May

Marcelena Stephens

CHIS 202 Wise 202 10:00

Dr. Underwood

Blog #4-Revised


Pan Africanism


The Pan-Africanism movement, founded around 1900, was to secure equal rights, self-government, independence, and unity for all African peoples. Pan-Africanism includes matters as such as leadership, political views, and the issue of nationalism. Each category was often divided by bitter circumstances as such as race and culture. Inspired by Marcus Garvey, he used his speaking ability to encouraged self-awareness among Africans by encouraging them to study of their history and culture.

From the late 1780s into later years free blacks developed their own churches and social meeting places in response to racial segregation. They grew weary and tired of being treated unequal to everyone else. Africans hoped and prayed daily for a revolution to take place in order to gain independence. These religious gathering places helped to foster a sense of collective identity among the people.

Marcus Garvey who is also known as the father of Pan Africanism also founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). This organization was established in Jamaica by Garvey. It became a major international organization after Garvey moved to the United States 1916. Marcus Garvey used his speaking ability to capture the attention of many working class and poor African Americans in Harlem New York. He developed a newspaper entitled “The Negro World”. This newspaper was widely read by supporters UNIA.  In the reader document number 38 “Marcus Garvey and the Politics of Revitalization” Marcus Garvey explains his view on Pan-Africanism.  One reason Pan-Africanism spread so quickly was because of colonization by European powers. Africa was not promised independence right away but instead took it upon themselves to coordinate an action plan and policy to work toward self-government and interracialism. The actual intergovernmental movement of Pan-Africanism began in 1958 with the First Conference of Independent African States in Accra, Ghana. Ghana and Liberia were the only two countries represented.  Thereafter independence was finally gained. Independence was achieved by more African states in 1960.

The whole idea of Pan-Africanism the Garvey wanted to display was racial pride and unity. He wanted to better the race and realized that it all started with unity. Pan-Africanism not only focused on culture but also focused on politics, ideology in order to pursue a common ground of unity of the history and destiny of Africans.


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